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VAM: Vietnam Market Analysis August 2013

Admist concerns on capital outflows due to U.S Fed tapering and fear of Syria war, the market retreated quite badly in August with foreign net selling of USD 41.8mn across the 2 bourses. By the month-end, VN Index lost 3.7% to close at 472.7 whilst VN30 tumbled 1.72%. HNX was the best performer of the 3 indices when it only edged down 0.49%, closing at 61.19.

Read full analysis VAM Monthly Newsletter – August 2013.

Buoyant FDI continues to support recovery

As of 20th August, registered FDI reached USD 12.6bn, soaring 19.5% from a year earlier.Thiswas backed by 768 new projects mostly focusing on the manufacturing sector. Meanwhile, the FDI disbursement edged up 3.8% y-o-y to USD 7.6bn and became a key factor contributing to the marked improvements in production activities. Indeed, while the employment index for the manufacturing sector in SOEs and private sector showed a negative growth, that in FDI sector still increased 5.6% y-o-y. Besides, FDI enterprises continued to be the main driving force to push export as they are contributing more than 60% of export and USD 2.7bn of trade surplus. YTD export turnovers advanced 14.7% y-o-y as of end August, however the YTD trade balance still suffers little deficit of USD 577mn due to a higher pace of import growth.

CPI accelerates but is still under control

The August general consumer price index edged up 0.83% m-o-m compared to previous month. Consequently, the year on year headline CPI was lifted up to 7.5% y-o-y, from 7.29% y-o-y in July. While aggregate demand was still weak, cost push effect became the primary reason for the return of inflation, in which electricity and gasoline price was adjusted up 5% and 2%, respectively. The healthcare basket, which was adjusted up remarkably in Hanoi, clearly produced the strongest effect. Fortunately, it only contributed little effect to the month-on-month CPI growth. The government’s inflation target of 7-8% would likely be met provided that there is no significant shock of gasoline price in the rest of this year.

Fast tracking VAMC

Sector-wide NPL figure at the end of 1H2013 was announced at 4.65%. This figure was indeed encouraging as NPL has fallen sharply from 8% by the end of 2012. 30 credit institutions that had NPL higher than 3% will be forced to bring down NPL level to 3% by selling bad debts to VAMC. In a recent interview, VAMC’s CEO said that in the next 2 months VAMC will issue bonds to swap for VND 10 trillion worth of bad debts of 10 banks. Banks with highest NPL will be given priority to sell bad debt to VAMC. The speedy execution of VAMC hopefully would help to clean up sector-wide bad debt more swiftly by year end.

More banking resolution to restructure banking system comprehensively

The PM signed a Resolution that allows SBV to assign financially strong banks or SBV itself, if there is no appropriate bank, to purchase stakes in weak banks which were unable to increase their capital or restructure themselves. Strong banks are requested to assist weak banks in both finance and management until their conditions come back to normal or acquired by other parties. This supportive resolution, together with VAMC formation, has clearly demonstrated the government’s determination to restructurethe banking system and tackle the NPL issue.

 More details on raising foreign ownership limit (FOL) plan available

According to the HOSE, the proposal on issuing Non-Voting Depository Receipts (NVDRs) was submitted to MoF. With the same model as Thailand NVDRs, an SBV subsidiary will buy and hold 10% of total outstanding shares of listed companies and issue equivalent NVDRs to foreign investors. Foreign investors holding NVDRs will be fully entitled to company financial benefit, but not voting rights. NVDRs will be converted to normal shares when foreign room is open. This NVDRs model will be applied to all companies. However, we do not think it will happen soon this year due to the amount of preparation required.

 Our View – 8 months of the year has passed and the economy has started showing some modest improvements. Inflation is under control and the government’s target would be likely to be met.  More affordable borrowing cost is supporting production activities and making business environment more attractive.  In addition, gold market has been gradually stabilized as the gap between domestic and global prices has been falling to half of previous high level. These improvements in economic conditions have prompted us to believe that the economy seems right on track for a gradual recovery.  Furthermore, the government’s serious effort in restructuring the banking sector and the future lifting of foreign ownership limit gave us reasons to be (cautiously) optimistic about the market despite recent pullbacks due to external factors, which actually revealed buying opportunities for some good stocks we have been watching.

Source: VAM, 11.09.2013

 

Filed under: Services, Vietnam, , , , , , , , ,

VAM: Vietnam Market Analysis – October 2012

Another down month for the 2 main bourses

Read detailed VAM monthly  Monthly Market Analysis and Chart October 2012

The month of October saw the VN index close at 388.2, losing 0.47% whilst the HNX index fell 4.42% to close at 53.02. The VN30 somehow managed to move the opposite direction, gaining 0.82% to close at 458.56 and was again the best performer of the 3 indices.
 
CPI slowed down as price increases for healthcare and education were nearly completed
The Consumer Price Index rose 0.8% MoM in October, after jumping 2.2% the previous month due to one-off price adjustments in two major government-controlled sectors. Consequently, the YTD inflation appeared to be calmer at 6.02% as the healthcare and pharmaceutical component of the CPI basket decelerated from 17.02% to 5.94% and the education component decelerated from 10.54% to 1.88%. Although pricing pressure from food and foodstuff is seasonally higher in the last quarter, we think the one-digit inflation target of FY2012 is likely to be met. In addition, there is positive news for inflation, as the Ministry of Industry and Trade announced that input price for electricity production has declined in the last three months, and no price adjustment would be scheduled in November.
 
PMI weakened in October
The seasonally adjusted HSBC Manufacturing PMI posted 48.7 in October, down from 49.2 in September. As such, the headline PMI has remained below the critical 50.0 mark for seven months running. Partly, stocks of purchases fell further in October, as the downturn in the manufacturing sector led companies to empty out their inventory holdings. A number of firms also linked lower stocks to reduced levels of input purchasing. Weaker global demand led to a further solid reduction in new export business during October as well. Incoming new export orders have fallen in each of the past six months; subsequently, the latest decline in new export orders was the steepest in the 19-month survey history. In which, companies reported reduced inflows of new business from China, Japan and Taiwan.
 
SBV serious in solving bad debt
According to the latest SBV estimates, the level of NPLs at the end of June stood at 8.82%, which is even higher than that at the end of March (8.6%). As such, the SBV has submitted a proposal to the Prime Minister to set up an asset management company to take over the VND100 trillion (US$6 billion) worth of bad debt. Two options are: (i) to expand the role of the existing Debt Asset Trading Company under the MoF, or (ii) to set up an entirely new entity under the SBV. However it will take time to make any proposal a reality as it will need National Assembly approval which will push it to Q2 2013 at the earliest. In the meantime, banks are required to revalue their loan collaterals, and we believe this process will weigh down financial performance of lenders in the upcoming period.
 
Deadline for closing gold position extended to 30th June, 2013
After declaring the widened gap between domestic and world gold prices is primarily due to banks rushing to cover their gold positions before 25th Nov, SBV has extended the deadline to 30th June, 2013. Total gold mobilization until the new deadline must not exceed the gold needed to settle gold accounts. Since there are still 20 tons of gold needed to repay depositors and banks are not allowed to import gold, the extended deadline is meant to ease pressure on domestic gold price and help banks avoid sizable losses that would occur if they were to buy gold at peak price just to meet the deadline on 25th Nov.
 
Budget deficit in 10M2012 exceeds the whole year target
The YTD budget deficit in October rose to VND155.2 trillion from VND138 trillion last month, exceeding the VND140 trillion full-year target. As of 31st Oct, total tax revenue amounted to VND523.4 trillion, equivalent to 71% of the yearly plan. On the other hand, government spending approached VND 678.6 trillion, or 75% of the yearly plan. The budget deficit equals to 6.9% of GDP, far higher than the target of 4.8%-4.9% for the year, suggesting that room for fiscal policy to stimulate domestic growth is quite limited.
 
Trade balances returned to deficit in October. FDI disbursement unchanged year on year
The trade deficit is USD 500 million in October as imports increased 12% MoM to US$10.4 billion, whilst exports only increased 4% MoM to US$9.9 billion. With a large deficit in October, the trade balance has returned to deficit of US$357 million from a surplus of US$143 million in September. Since demand for import tends to be seasonally high in the last two months of the year, we think the trade balance by year end will likely be a larger deficit. However, the news that FDI disbursement in October reached US$900 million, unchanged year-on-year has provided some comfort that foreign investors still see investment opportunities in Vietnam. In fact, it is heart-warming that the FDI disbursement year to date (US$9 billion) has almost tracked the level achieved over the same period last year (US$9.1 billion), despite tougher economic conditions.
 
Our ViewOur view has hardly changed since last month. As Vietnam’s top leaders are debating on critical issues including proposed amendments to the Constitution and several laws, we see little clarity on the economy or stock market until all that is settled. As such, we prefer to be conservative at this time, holding high cash and only retaining our core equity holdings; companies with strong fundamentals which we have high conviction in and believe will stand the test of change. We take this opportunity to screen the market for resilient companies with little or no debt, strong market position, high growth potential, good cash flow and savvy management with integrity, for possible immediate action when the market turns.
Source: VAM, 16.11.2012

Filed under: News, Risk Management, Vietnam, , , , , , , , , , ,

Brazil:Revenue and income on the up at BM&FBovespa

BM&FBOVESPA S.A. (BVMF3) today reported third quarter earnings ending September 30, 2012. The Bovespa segment recorded its second strongest performance to-date.

This performance together with higher Rate per Contract (RPC) for derivatives and growth in non- trading and settlement segments delivered solid revenue increase. Also, expense control in the quarter contributed to improve operating performance.

3Q12 gross revenues reached R$581.3 million, up 6.2% over 3Q11, reflecting growth across all segments;
Adjusted expenses[1] were R$136.0 million, roughly flat compared to 3Q11. Adjusted expenses rose by 6.4% over the previous quarter in line with the Company’s budget for the year;
Operating income reached R$346.8 million, up 7.0% over 3Q11 and operating margin increased by 84 bps;
EBITDA grew 8.1% and EBITDA margin increased by 162 bps compared to 3Q11;
Adjusted net income[2] totaled R$400.6 million, increasing by 0.3% over 3Q11 as operating income growth was offset by a reduction in financial income and higher non-cash taxes;
Adjusted earnings per share rose 1.7%, to R$0.21;
Average Daily Trading Value (ADTV) for the Bovespa segment reached an all-time-high of R$8.4 billion in September 2012;
ADTV of Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) was up 90.2% year-over-year. Average assets under custody of Tesouro Direto rose by 45.6%;
Average RPC in the BM&F Segment increased 14.7% year-over-year, offsetting the 4.0% reduction in the Average Daily Volume (ADV) for the segment;
R$221.2 million in dividends and interest on capital, comprising 80% of 3Q12 GAAP net income.

“We maintained focus on delivering our strategy to grow and diversify revenues and drive operational excellence,” said BM&FBOVESPA Chief Executive Officer Edemir Pinto. “We are also making significant advances in building state-of-the-art technological capabilities which will place our trading technology and capacity at the forefront of global best practices.”
“In this way, we are ready to capture and optimize the opportunities presented by Brazilian capital markets and this new era of low interest rates. We are making infrastructure investments, focusing on market integrity, developing markets and products, and strengthening relationships with market participants” Mr. Pinto added.

Chief Financial, Corporate Affairs and Investor Relations Officer, Eduardo Refinetti Guardia, said: “BM&FBOVESPA achieved solid results and strong operating leverage in the third quarter, consistently expanding margins and cash generation.”

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, Exchanges, , , , , ,

VAM: Vietnam Market Analysis – September 2012

Markets declined in September
September was characterized by sideways market movements for the VN-Index, with the largest gap between the month’s high and low being approximately only 15 points. Closing the month at 392.57, the index gave up 0.87% for the month. The Hanoi exchange moved quite differently – a near downward trajectory to close the month at 55.47, down 9.7%. The VN30’s performance more closely resembled the VN-Index, with only narrow swings during the month, to close at 456.48, down 1.89% from August.
 
Market reacted to ACB resignations as developments troubled investors
In an unexpected announcement, ACB accepted the resignation of its BOD Chairman and two Vice Chairmen, this month. The resignations were initially claimed to be for personal and health reasons, yet were later announced to be connected to the arrest of ACB’s founder and the former CEO for economic violations (one of which being permission granted for approximately USD 34million to be deposited into competing banks at rates above the stipulated cap). A former BOD member of ACB, now on the Board of Eximbank, also resigned and is also to be prosecuted together with all the resigned ACB executives. Upon the dissemination of this information, the markets dropped, however only temporarily, as the news was widely expected.
 
Credit mobilization vastly exceeds credit growth
Credit growth from January to September 20, of this year, reached only 2.53%, much below the 8-10% target for 2012. While some banks have posted relatively high growth figures, such as BIDV and Military Commercial Jt Stock Bank, whose growth reached 13.5% and 10% respectively in the first 8 months; most of their credit growth however was for commercial bond lending. Removing commercial bond lending, loans outstanding to institutions and individuals decreased. In another example, VCB grew their credit 7.2% in the first 8 months, however savings growth was 13%. In efforts to ensure liquidity and being bound by the 9% deposit rate cap, many banks have begun to offer 13% interest for 13-month deposit terms. With dong lending rates now ranging between 13-15%, profits will come under pressure.
 
Health care and Education lead September’s CPI increase
In August, YoY inflation continued to abate to 5.04%, this month however, inflation rose to 6.48% YoY. September’s CPI rose 2.2% MoM, the highest MoM increase since May 2011. The increase is largely due to Healthcare, pharmaceutical items (17.02% increase), Education items (10.54% increase), and Transport and Telecoms (3.83%) increases. While Education’s increase was mostly due to seasonal factors, a series of rising petroleum prices played a notable role in the increase of one-off items.
 
GDP in first 9 months grew 4.73% over same period 2011
2012’s GDP growth is now expected to be 5.2%, thus requiring Q4 growth rate of 6.6%  fairly optimistic as Q3 growth was 5.35% and Q4, 2011 growth reached only 5.98%. GDP has however, been steadily improving from Q1 and Q2. Low credit growth, declining exports and slow retail sales, combine to make up slow domestic growth. Export value declined an estimated 5.8% in September, according to GSO; however, import value also dropped 4.4%, bringing the Q3 trade balance to a USD 531 million surplus. Retail revenue growth in September increased 1.08% for the month, improved over the 0.7% growth recorded in August.  For the first 9 months of 2012, nominal retail sales growth was 17% however; it reached only 6.4% in real terms. The Index of Industrial production also showed some signs of improvement, increasing 4.5% on month with increases in the manufacturing index being the largest contributor to the improved index.
   
FDI disbursement level paces 2011’s levels
Vietnam attracted approximately 73% of 2011’s January – September FDI, for a total of USD 9.52 billion. While overall attraction had declined, FDI disbursed reached USD8.1 billion, totaling 98.8% of YoY’s disbursed FDI. The Foreign Investment Agency expects disbursed FDI to reach USD 10 billion by year-end. Strong FDI disbursements have bolstered the FX reserves nearly USD 23 billion and contributed to S&P’s upgraded economic outlook and Fitch Rating’s affirmed B+ status of the dong.
 
Moody’s adjust government bond rating on banking sector weakness
At nearly the month’s end, Moody’s Investors Service downgraded Vietnam’s credit rating one notch to B2, with a stable outlook. At cause for the downgrade are the country’s banks and the risk that the government will need to partially recapitalize them given the lack of private sector solutions. The rating agency also downgraded all 8 of the Vietnamese banks it assesses due to deteriorating asset quality and profitability pressure.
 
Our ViewWith uncertainty regarding economic and banking reform still lingering around, we prefer to be conservative at this time, holding high cash and only retaining our core equity holdings; companies which we have high conviction in and believe will stand the test of change.
We take this opportunity to do our homework well, combing the market carefully for resilient companies with little or no debt, strong growth potential, good cash flow and earnest management. Although valuations of certain companies and sectors have become quite attractive, we are not rushing in just yet. Too much change is happening or expected to be happening. So we need a little more certainty before getting back into the market.

Source: VAM Vietnam Asset Management, 15.10.2012

Filed under: Asia, Banking, Exchanges, News, Risk Management, Vietnam, , , , , , , ,

VAM: Vietnam Market Analysis- August 2012

Markets declined in August
In August, the market’s ascent topped above the 437 level, but on the 21st of the month the market began a six trading day descent to a low of 385.78. After making a slight correction in the final days of the month, the VN-index closed at 396.02, losing 4.5% over the month. The Hanoi exchange faired significantly worse, closing the month at 61.43, to lose 11.2%, while the VN30 gave up 5.4% to close at 465.29.
 
Markets reacted to news and rumors, presenting some good buying opportunities
Upsetting market activity this month was the arrest of a key figure in the banking system and Vietnam football, for alleged illegal business activities in his 3 private companies. Days later, the arrest of ACB’s CEO for “economic violations” caused the SBV to add VND 23.31 trillion in liquidity to the banking sector to support the market and help ACB as its customers rushed to withdraw funds. Rumors of Masan Group’s Chairman’s arrest, while unfounded, added to the turmoil the market was undergoing as investors wondered who’s next and what are the repercussions. Also adding to market jitters was talk of a 3rd petroleum price hike of the month, for a total increase of 15% in 40 days. As sellers outnumbered buyers, the market lost USD 3.85 billion in 3 days, providing a buying opportunity which foreign investors rushed to take advantage of. 
 
Credit growth to remain at 6-8% for 2012, notwithstanding ceiling increased for some
23 of the nation’s 62 credit institutions applied to have credit growth ceilings increased, of which 10 were approved. The increased target encourages banks to spur lending to struggling enterprises dealing with high inventories and low demand. Considering growth in the first 8 months is a meagre 2%, the entire banking sector credit growth is expected to remain at 6-8% for 2012, according to the Central bank.
 
Deflation fears allayed as Inflation rises
Having recorded two consecutive month of negative inflation, deflation was concerning to some. In August however, CPI rose 0.63%, contributed by petroleum price hikes, along with increases in healthcare and pharmaceutical items, which registered the largest increase of 5.44% MoM. Despite August’s increase, inflation continues to slow from its peak of 23% in 2011 to 5.04% YoY.
 
Trade balance reflects increased demand
Reflecting increasing demand, internal and external, the positive trade balance once again turned negative for the first time in 3 months. August’s trade deficit of USD150million, combined with an average monthly export revenue increase of 17.8% YoY for the January to August period, suggests that easing of monetary policy may be reversing domestic contraction. At the same time though, an ICAEW report forecasts GDP growth for 2012 to be only 5.1%.
 
FDI disbursement level paces 2011’s levels
Vietnam attracted 66.1% of total 2011 FDI, for a total of USD 8.47 billion in the first 8 months of the year.  While overall attraction had declined, FDI disbursed reached USD 7.28 billion, totaling 99.7% of 2011’s disbursed FDI. Strong FDI disbursements have bolstered the FX reserves to nearly USD 20 billion and contributed to S&P’s upgraded economic outlook and Fitch Ratings’ affirmed B+ status of the dong.
 
Our ViewWhile the circulated rumors, both founded and unfounded, created some turmoil in the market, investor reaction was more sentiment driven rather than fundamentals driven, and as such, a buying opportunity was presented. The chain of events in August suggests that uncertainty still remains; however, we can get comfort that given some of the encouraging economic signs lately, it is probably that the eased monetary policies have begun to stimulate domestic demand. We continue to shy away from property and related sectors but are selectively adding stocks in basic industries such as Materials, Utilities and Consumers.

Source: VAM Vietnam Asset Management, 20.09.2012

Filed under: News, Risk Management, Services, Vietnam, Wealth Management, , , , , ,

VAM: Vietnam Equity Market – June 2012

Another month of closing down for both markets
Read detailed VAM monthly Market Analysis for June 2012
In June, the VN- index lost 1.6% to close at 422.37. The HNX declined 4% to 71.07, while the VN-30 broke below the 500 threshold to close at 497.73, down 1.85%. Liquidity also dropped with average daily trading value recorded at USD 73 mn versus USD 99 mn of May. Foreign investors turned net sellers with net selling value of USD 25 mn for the month.
 
CPI and Trade balance improved
Unseen since March 2009, CPI decreased 0.26% in June, bringing YoY and YTD inflation to 6.9% and 2.52%, respectively. 5 of the 11 commodity and services items in the CPI basket decreased, including Food & Foodstuff which make up nearly 40% of the total basket. Serving to keep inflation low was 2 reductions in the retail price of petrol (another reduction is forthcoming in early July). The World Bank has recently revised downward its official 2012 CPI forecast for Vietnam to 9.5%, while JP Morgan predicts inflation will top out at 8.1%. Also improved was the nation’s trade account. With June’s trade deficit at USD 150mn, 1H trade balance came to a deficit of USD 357mn – significantly improved over the USD 6.5bn deficit in the same period of 2011. For 1H, Exports grew 22% YoY while Imports increased at 6.9%.
 
Disbursed FDI slightly improves, while committed FDI disappoints
Committed FDI disappointed in 1H, decreasing 27.3% to USD 6.4 bn, down from the USD 8.8 bn recorded in 1H 2011. However, disbursed FDI increased 1.9% to reach USD 5.4 bn, notably better than the 1.9% decrease recorded in the same period in 2011. Japanese investors continue to be the largest contributor with 65% of the nation’s total FDI.
 
Retail Sales continues growth albeit at a slower pace
Retail sales in 1H also disappointed, growing 6.5% in real terms (19.5% in nominal terms) to approximately USD 54.6bn. While retail sales growth remains positive, it is lower than the 9.2% recorded in 1H 2011. High interest rates and stagnant production were to blame for declining YoY sales.
 
Lower remittances pressure the dong
Inward remittances to HCMC in 1H totaled about USD 1.9bn, 20.8% lower from the same period in 2011. With a dormant property market and the global economic slowdown, remittances are down nearly USD 500mn. In 2011, the 9bn dollar remittances were major contributor to the USD 2.5bn BOP surplus. Lower remittances have put some pressure on the currency. During the month, there was time when the dong traded as low as VND 21,036 per USD. The dong has since regained ground and the central bank reference rate continues to be VND 20,828, unchanged since December 2011.
 
As economy slows, further stimulus announced
While Q2 GDP growth bettered Q1 growth at 4.66% and 4% respectively, the annual 6-6.5% growth target appeared unlikely to be achieved and accordingly, was reduced to 6%. With weak Q2 earnings outlook and credit growth likely to only reach 12-13%, missing the 15-17% growth target, parts of a VND 29 trillion fiscal stimulus package in Circular 21 were enacted. Stimulus measures include a 30% reduction in the corporate income tax for SMEs; a 6 month tax exemptions for individuals earning less than VND 9 million per month; dividend tax exemption, and a 50% reduction on securities sales tax. In addition, the refinance and discount rates were each reduced by 100bp to 10% and 8% respectively. The deposit rate cap for deposits greater than 12 months was lifted, and is now 9% for deposits under 12 months.
Additionally, in an effort to boost GDP and revitalize the Property sector, an un-utilized fund of VND 120 trillion in public investments is also being disbursed. Moreover, the Property sector was also given ‘preferred group’ status, thereby giving them much needed access to lower cost borrowing.
 
Our ViewWith some improvements and some weakening in the macro picture, on a net basis overall, we dont think much progress has been made since last month. The stock market reflected that with a 1.6% fall to end the month of June at an almost 3-month low.
 
On the corporate front, the situation looks bleak with PMI (published by HSBC) down to 46.6 from 48.3 in May. What is more troubling is that output prices declined sharply while finished goods inventories have increased. This shows that despite falling prices, demand is still very weak and the inventory clearance process might take longer than we thought.
 
We therefore remain cautious on the market and will prefer to stick to defensive plays and domestic-oriented companies with strong cash flow, solid financials, strong growth prospect, and good corporate governance and cheap valuation.
Source: VAM Vietnam Asset Management, 18.07.2012

Filed under: News, Vietnam, , , , , ,

Brazil: BM&F BOVESPA – March 2012 -News Nr 31

Cross-Listing of Global Benchmark Equity Index, Commodity and Energy Futures
BM&FBOVESPA (BVMF), CME Group and S&P Indices announced on March 6 a cross-listing and cross-licensing agreement involving S&P 500 Index and BOVESPA Index (IBOVESPA) futures.

BRICS Exchanges to Cross-list Benchmark Equity Index Derivatives
The five founding members of the BRICS Exchanges Alliance will begin cross-listing benchmark equity index derivatives on each other’s trading platforms on March 30.

New Market Maker for Options on the Stock of Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSNA3)
BM&FBOVESPA announced on March 20 that Citadel Securities LLC is the third institution selected as market maker for options on the stock of CSNA3.

Volumes and trades by Direct Market Access (DMA)

BM&F Segment (Derivatives)
In February, the transactions carried out via Direct Market Access (DMA) in the BM&F* segment totaled 25,853,695 contracts traded in 2,616,094 trades.

BOVESPA Segment (Equities)
In February, the transactions carried out via Direct Market Access (DMA) in the BOVESPA* segment had a total financial volume of BRL104.5 billion in 14,985,594 trades

MARKET RESULTS

BM&F Segment February 2012 (derivatives)
In February, the markets in the BM&F segment had a total of 47,434,891 contracts traded with a financial volume of BRL3.11 trillion.

BOVESPA Segment February 2012 (equities)
In February, the total financial volume in the BOVESPA segment reached BRL157.36 billion, compared to a total of BRL132.26 billion in January.

Click for detailed announcement

Source: BM&FBOVESPA, 24.03.2012

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, Exchanges, Latin America, , , , , , , , , ,

Brazil: BM&FBOVESPA Financial Report: IT Business-CoLo-HFT-ETF’s and Sharebuyback

BM&FBOVESPA S.A. (BVMF3) today reported fourthquarter  earnings  ending  December  30,  2011.  New  strategic  areas  such  as  Securities Lending, Tesouro Direto, ETFs and High Frequency Trading (HFT) performed well in the quarter. Successful implementation of the derivatives and spot FX modules of the PUMA Trading System and forward momentum on the multi-asset integrated clearing system further boosted the Company’s technological edge.

BM&FBOVESPA announced an adjusted expense1 budget range of R$580 million to R$590 million and a capital expenditure budget range of R$230 million to R$260 million for 2012. The adjusted Opex range equals the range for 2011 as a result of the Company’s cost- cutting improvements.

“We remain focused on capturing the growth opportunities offered by the Brazilian market,” said BM&FBOVESPA Chief Executive Officer Edemir Pinto. “The execution of our investment   program   to   strengthen   our   IT   infrastructure   and   the   launching   and development of products and markets, such as ETFs, HFTs and options on single stocks, are aligned with this goal. We are also taking actions to strengthen market supervision, which will help make the Brazilian market more attractive to investors. Mr. Pinto added,“We highly welcome the government’s decision to remove an IOF tax on equity investments by non-residents.”

During 4Q11, net revenues were almost flat year-over-year. This reflected a decline in trading volumes which was offset by a 39.5% increase in other revenues. Expenses were higher as a result of a one-time extraordinary transfer of restricted funds to strengthen the BM&FBOVESPA Market Supervision (BSM) while adjusted expenses were well in line with the Company’s announced budget range. Adjusted EBITDA2margin was relatively stable at65.2% compared to 66.5% in 4Q10. Adjusted net income3 per share declined by 1.0% year-over-year.

 

Source: MondoVisione, 15.02.2012

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, Exchanges, Latin America, , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Brazil:BM&FBOVESPA annuonces 2011 Market Performance and News

BM&FBOVESPA announced 2011 market performance.
Financial volume and number of transactions in the equity market;
  • Total number of contracts traded, DI futures contracts traded and of corn futures contracts and options on corn futures traded in the Derivatives Market;
  • Financial volume and number of equity lending transactions.

Read other highlights (update 11.01.2012):

The total financial volume and the number of trades in the equity market set a record in 2011

In 2011, the total financial volume in the Bovespa segment set a historic record of BRL1.61 trillion, surpassing the previous record of BRL1.60 trillion set in 2010. The average daily financial volume also established a new record of BRL6.49 billion, exceeding the BRL6.48 billion reached in 2010.

The total number of trades reached the milestone of 141,229,649 in 2011, surpassing last year’s record high of 106,418,437. The average daily trading volume also established a new record at 567,187, exceeding the 2010 mark of 430,844.

Historic records set in 2011:

  • Financial volume and number of transactions in the Bovespa segment;
  • Total number of contracts traded, DI futures contracts traded and of corn futures contracts and options on corn futures traded in the BM&F segment;
  • Financial volume and number of equity lending transactions.

Bovespa Segment

In 2011, the total financial volume in the Bovespa segment set a historic record of BRL1.61 trillion, surpassing the previous record of BRL1.60 trillion set in 2010. The average daily financial volume also established a new record of BRL6.49 billion, exceeding the BRL6.48 billion reached in 2010.

The total number of trades reached the milestone of 141,229,649 in 2011, surpassing last year’s record high of 106,418,437. The average daily trading volume also established a new record at 567,187, exceeding the 2010 mark of 430,844.

In December, the financial volume in the Bovespa segment was BRL130.68 billion, compared to the BRL118.72 billion registered in November. The daily average financial volume was BRL6.22 billion in December, compared to BRL5.93 billion in the previous month. There were a total of 12,746,660 transactions carried out in December compared to 12,284,986 in November, and the average daily trading volume was 606,984, compared to 614,249 in November.

Equities

In 2011, the most traded stocks were: Vale PNA, with BRL174.33 billion; Petrobras PN, with BRL125.81 billion; OGX Petróleo ON, with BRL73.22 billion; Itauunibanco PN, with BRL67.73 billion; and Vale ON, with BRL45.05 billion.

In December, the most traded stocks were: Vale PNA, with BRL11.30 billion; Petrobras PN, with BRL8.75 billion; Itauunibanco PN, with BRL5.59 billion; OGX Petróleo ON, with BRL4.33 billion; and Bradesco PN, with BRL3.66 billion

Ibovespa

The Ibovespa closed out 2011 at 56,754 points, down 18.11% for the year.

In 2011, the best performing stocks were: TIM PART S/A ON (+72.58%); CIELO ON (+53.32%); REDECARD ON (+49.20%); KLABIN S/A PN (+42.53%); and ELETROPAULO PN (+41.13%). In 2011, the worst performing stocks were: B2W VAREJO ON (-71.07%); GAFISA ON (-64.95%); HYPERMARCAS ON (-62.06%); GOL PN (-50.00%); and V-AGRO ON (-48.39%).

In December, the Ibovespa declined 0.21%.

The best performing stocks on the Ibovespa, in December, were: TRAN PAULIST PN (+16.03%); ELETROBRAS PNB (+14.06%); CPFL ENERGIA ON (+13.62%); ELETROPAULO PN (+12.97%); and LLX LOG ON (+12.33%). In December, the worst performing stocks were: V-AGRO ON (-39.62%); GAFISA ON (-23.28%); ROSSI RESID ON (-19.76%); BROOKFIELD ON (-16.67%); and CIA HERING ON (-15.02%).

All other indexes

All of the other indexes calculated by the Exchange performed as follows:

IBrX-50 (-14.06% with 8,279 points at the end of 2011; up 0.99% in December);

IBrX-100 (-11.39% with 19,706 points at the end of 2011; up 1.52% in December);

ISE (-3.28 with 2,018 points at the end of 2011; up 3.65% in December);

ITEL (+15.59% with 1,670 points at the end of 2011; up 5.11% in December);

IEE (+19.72% with 32,613 points at the end of 2011; up 9.47% in December);

INDX (-12.12% with 9,618 points at the end of 2011; up 2.31% in December);

IVBX-2 (-4.71% with 5,756 points at the end of 2011; up 0.86% in December);

IGC (-12.45% with 6,679 points at the end of 2011; up 1.76% in December);

ITAG (-11.54% with 8,708 points at the end of 2011; up 2.88% in December);

SMLL (-16.63% a 1,200 points at the end of 2011; up 0.79% in December);

MLCX (-10.39% with 877 points at the end of 2011; up 1.77% in December);

ICON (+0.55% with 1,693 points at the end of 2011; up 3.03% in December);

IMOB (-27.71% with 749 points at the end of 2011; down 5.47% in December);

IFNC (-7.40% with 3.468 points at the end of 2011; up 4.13% in December);

ICO2 (-7.37% with 1,025 points at the end of 2011; up 3.18% in December);

IBRA (-10.84% with 1,810 points at the end of 2011; up 1.68% up);

IDIV (+13.99% with 2,926 points at the end of 2011; up 5.56% in December);

IGCT (-12.36% with 1,877 points at the end of 2011; up 2% in December);

IMAT (-28.51% with 1,592 points at the end of 2011; up 0.90% in December);

UTIL (+22.61% with 2,939 points at the end of 2011; up 9.74% in December).

Market Value

The market value (market capitalization) of the 373 companies listed at BM&FBOVESPA at the end of 2011 totaled BRL2.29 trillion. In 2010, the market value was BRL2.56 trillion for the 381 companies that were listed at that time.

Special Corporate Governance Levels

At the end of 2011, the 182 companies that were part of the BM&FBOVESPA Special Corporate Governance Levels represented 64.87% of the market capitalization, 78.68% of the financial volume, and 82.72% of the trades on the cash market. At the end of 2010, there were 167 companies, representing 65.65% of the market capitalization, 75.14% of the financial volume, and 78.77% of the cash market trades.

In December, the 182 companies that were part of the BM&FBOVESPA Special Corporate Governance Levels represented 64.87% of the market capitalization, 75.82% of the financial volume, and 84.90% of the trades on the cash market. At the end of November, there were also 182 companies, representing 64.55% of the market capitalization, 82.40% of the financial volume, and 85.89% of the cash market trades.

Market Participation

The cash market (round lot) accounted for 93.9% of the total financial volume in 2011, followed by the options market with 4.3%, and by the forward market with 1.8%. The after-market traded BRL11.37 billion in 724,314 trades.

In December, the cash market (round lot) accounted for 94.6% of the total financial volume, followed by the options market with 4%, and by the forward market with 1.4%. The after-market traded BRL887.60 million with 48,002 trades, compared to BRL1.02 billion with 52,952 trades during the previous month.

Investor Participation

In 2011, foreign investors led trading in the Bovespa segment accounting for 34.74% of total contracts traded, compared to 29.57% in 2010. They were followed by institutional investors with 33.34%, compared to 33.29% in 2010, and individual investors with 21.44%, compared to 26.41% during the previous year. Financial institutions accounted for 8.65%, up from 8.35% in 2010, and companies accounted for 1.74% compared to 2.31% the previous year. The group Others accounted for 0.08% compared to 0.06% in 2010.

In December, foreign investors were also the leaders in the Bovespa segment, accounting for 39.07% of total contracts traded, compared to 32.98% in November. They were followed by institutional investors with 32.20% in December, compared to 34.29% in the previous month, and individual investors with 17.99% in December, compared to 20.46% in November. Financial institutions accounted for 8.81% in December, down from 9.33% in the previous month, and companies accounted for 1.92% in December, compared to 2.87% in the previous month. The group Others accounted for 0.01% in December, compared to 0.07% in November.

Foreign Investment

In 2011, the net flow of foreign investment into the Brazilian stock market, up to December, reached BRL8.23 billion, which is the result of BRL9.58 billion in acquisitions carried out by foreign investors in stock offerings (including BRL8.0 billion registered in Brazil) and the negative balance of BRL1.35 billion on the BM&FBOVESPA secondary market.

In December, the balance of transactions carried out by foreign investors at BM&FBOVESPA was a negative BRL2.42 billion, which was the net balance between stock sales of BRL52.08 billion and stock purchases of BRL49.66 billion.

Foreign investor participation in stock offerings, including IPOs, represented 55.3% of the total BRL17.33 billion in transactions related to the publication of the closing announcement dates ending on January 3, 2012, pursuant to information available on the Exchange’s website, under the media section.

Check the data for public offerings and IPOs

Investment Clubs

At the end of 2011, the number of investment clubs stood at 2,852, with 10 new clubs opening in December. In November, total liquid assets were BRL8.97 billion and the number of investment club participants was 117,078, according to the latest data available.

Individual Investors

At the end of 2011, the number of individual investor accounts in the equities market stood at 583,202. At the end of 2010, that number was 610,915.

ETFs

In 2011, the 10 ETFs available for trade at BM&FBOVESPA (BRAX11, CSMO11, MOBI11, BOVA11, SMAL11, MILA11, PIBB11, IT NOW IFNC 11, IT NOW ISUS 11, and IT NOW GOVE 11) reached a total financial volume of BRL12.11 billion with 577,723 transactions carried out. In 2010, there were seven ETFs (BRAX11, CSMO11, MOBI11, BOVA11, SMAL11, MILA11, PIBB11), which together accounted for a total financial volume of BRL6.99 billion, and 196,567 transactions.

In December, 74,438 transactions were carried out with the 10 ETFs available for trade at the Exchange. In November, that number was 86,037. The total financial volume in December was BRL1.21 billion, compared to BRL1.45 billion in November. In December, the ETF BOVA11 registered the largest financial volume with BRL1.15 billion, compared to the BRL1.37 billion it registered in November.

Securities lending

In 2011, securities lending transactions at BM&FBOVESPA reached a new milestone with a financial volume of BRL732.75 billion and 1,417,787 trades, surpassing 2010’s financial volume of BRL465.6 billion and 971,558 trades.

In December, the financial volume for securities lending transactions also set a new record with BRL84.76 billion, exceeding the mark of BRL67.30 billion set in November. The number of transactions in December was 121,897, compared to 122,983 in November.

Real Estate Investment Funds

In 2011, Real Estate Investment Funds (FIIs) accounted for a financial volume of BRL912.46 million and 77,075 transactions. During the previous year, they accounted for a financial volume of BRL379.09 million and 24,983 transactions. At the end of 2011, there were 66 Real Estate Investment Funds registered and authorized for trade on the BM&FBOVESPA markets and on its OTC market.

In December, Real Estate Investment Funds (FIIs) accounted for a financial volume of BRL144.16 million and 7,617 transactions. During the previous year, they accounted for a financial volume of BRL78.54 million and 7,812 transactions.

Fixed Income

In 2011, the financial volume for the fixed income secondary market, counting both the Bovespa Fix and the Soma Fix, totaled BRL268.14 million, compared to BRL416.20 million in 2010. Of this total, debentures accounted for BRL142.78 million, Receivables Investment Funds (FIDC) accounted for BRL25.17 million, and Mortgage Backed Securities (CRI) accounted for BRL100.19 million.

In December, the financial volume for the fixed income market, counting both the Bovespa Fix and the Soma Fix, totaled BRL14.4 million, compared to BRL9.5 million in November. Of this total, debentures accounted for BRL11.76 million, and Mortgage Backed Securities (CRI) accounted for BRL2.38 million.

BM&F Segment

Em 2011, the BM&F segment set a new record for contracts traded with 671,979,899, surpassing the previous 2010 record of 618,634,157. The financial volume in 2011 totaled BRL46.50 trillion, compared to a total of BRL42.51 trillion in 2010, and the average daily trading volume in 2011 was 2,687,920, compared to 2,494,493 in 2010.

In December, the markets in the BM&F segment accounted for a total of 43,358,744 contracts traded and a financial volume of BRL3.10 trillion, compared to 54,301,136 contracts and BRL3.87 trillion in November. The average daily trading volume in December was 2,064,702, compared to 2,715,057 in November. Open interest contracts ended the last trading day of December with 38,230,036 positions, compared to 37,001,711 in November.

Check the data for General Volume

Financial Derivatives

In 2011, the interest rate futures (DI) traded a record 320,821,062 contracts, compared to the previous record of 293,065,417 set in 2010. The US dollar futures ended the year with 86,167,955 contracts traded, compared to 82,453,621 in 2010. The Ibovespa futures traded 21,650,138 contracts in 2011, compared to 18,039,345 during the previous year, and in 2011 the Euro futures (EUR) traded 552,481 contracts up from 390,295 in 2010.

In December, the interest rate futures (DI) accounted for 21,511,662 contracts, compared to 28,561,969 in November. The US dollar futures ended December with 6,239,499 contracts traded, compared to 7,189,024 in November. The Ibovespa futures traded 1,618,153 contracts compared to 1,774,340 during the previous month, and, in December, the Euro futures (EUR) traded 34.546 contracts down from 62.901 in November.

Mini Contracts

In 2011, derivatives mini contracts traded 28,517,331 contracts compared to 18,700,470 in 2010. The Ibovespa futures traded 26,234,515 mini contracts in 2011, up from 16,705,118 in 2010, and the US dollar futures accounted for 1,710,007 mini contracts traded compared to 1,969,427 in 2010.

In December, derivatives mini contracts traded 2,338,964 contracts compared to 2,663,926 in November. The Ibovespa futures market traded 2,172,318 mini contracts, compared to 2,473,109 the previous month. The US dollar futures market traded 164,136 mini contracts down from 186,664 in November, and the open interest on mini contract futures ended December with 14.852 positions compared to 43,983 in November.

Commodity derivatives

In 2011, a total of 2,389,454 futures and options commodity contracts were traded, down from 2,702,705 in 2010.

A total of 558,311 Corn futures and options contracts were traded in 2011, surpassing the previous record of 490,265 in 2010. Live cattle futures and option contracts totaled 1,170,100 in 2011, down from 1,352,469 in 2010. Arabica coffee ended 2011 with 463,121 contracts traded compared to 694,348 in 2010, while the Ethanol futures market traded 94,726 contracts in 2011, up from 22,615 in 2010 and the Soybean market traded 70,639 contracts.

In December, a total of 160,585 futures and options commodity contracts were traded, down from 245,561 in November. When trading closed in December there were 129,006 open interest contracts, compared 133,410 at the end of the previous month.

Live cattle futures and options contracts totaled 82,627, in December, compared to 160,824 in November. Corn closed out the period with a total of 44,768 futures and options contracts traded, up from 42,279 in November. Arabica coffee ended December with 23,106 contracts traded, down from the 28,791 contracts traded in November. The Soybean market registered 3,310 contracts in December compared to 6,622 during the previous month, and the Ethanol futures market accounted for 6,774 contracts traded, compared to the 7,045 contracts traded in November.

Click here for the monthly commodities report

Agribusiness Securities

After adding up all of the transactions carried out in the SRTA registration system, the agribusiness securities registered at BM&FBOVESPA totaled BRL8.68 billion in 2011, compared to BRL1.24 billion in 2010. In 2011, a total of 46,690 records were also checked for agribusiness securities, and together they represented the cumulative financial volume of BRL29.43 billion, up from the 15,270 records with a trading volume of BRL10.05 billion in 2010. The stock of LCAs (Agribusiness Credit Bills) registered in the stock market in 2011 totaled BRL7.46 billion, compared to the BRL297 million registered during the previous year.

After adding up all of the transactions carried out in the SRTA registration system, the stock of agribusiness securities registered at BM&FBOVESPA totaled BRL8.68 billion in December, compared to BRL8.02 billion in November. The stock of LCAs totaled BRL7.46 billion in December, compared to BRL6.77 billion in November.

Spot Gold

In 2011, the spot gold market (250 grams) traded 23,579 contracts, compared to 9,567 in 2010. The financial volume for the spot gold market totaled BRL509.80 million, compared to BRL179.02 million the year before.

In December, the spot gold market (250 grams) traded 749 contracts, down from 2,240 in November. The total financial volume in December was BRL18.03 million, compared to BRL55.44 million in the month before.

Spot Dollar

In 2011, the spot US dollar totaled 12,859 transactions with a financial volume of US$32.89 billion, compared to 14,339 transactions and a financial volume of US$31.41 billion in 2010. The financial volume of U.S. dollars traded on the Brazilian interbank settlement market and registered in the BM&FBOVESPA FX Clearinghouse was US$588.83 billion, with 31,462 trades, down from US$718.31 billion and 36,428 trades in 2010.

In December, the spot dollar totaled 1,547 transactions with a financial volume of US$2.07 billion. In November, 1,999 transactions were registered with a financial volume of US$2.17 billion. In December, the financial volume of U.S. dollars traded on the Brazilian interbank settlement market and registered in the BM&FBOVESPA FX Clearinghouse was US$40.62 billion with 2,711 transactions, compared to US$37.65 billion and 2,475 transactions in November.

Public Fixed Income

In 2011, the financial volume for the public fixed income secondary market, counting all the transactions carried out on Sisbex, totaled BRL257.58 billion, compared to BRL116.89 billion in 2010. Of this total, BRL5.1 billion was related to final transactions and BRL251.1 billion was related to repo transactions. The financial volume for public securities lending transactions totaled BRL1.36 billion in 2011.

In December, the financial volume for the public fixed income secondary market, counting all the transactions carried out on Sisbex, was BRL18.6 billion, up from BRL6.9 billion in November. Of this total, BRL32.10 million was related to final transactions and BRL18.57 billion was related to repo transactions.

Investor Participation

In 2011, financial institutions led trading in the markets of the BM&F segment accounting for 36.41% of total contracts traded, compared to 42.40% in 2010. They were followed by institutional investors with 31.27% in 2011, compared to 29.61% in 2010, and foreign investors with 25.86% compared to 22.40% during the previous year. Individual investors ended the year with 5.22%, up from 3.88% in 2010, and companies accounted for 1.24%, compared to 1.71% the previous year.

In December, financial institutions led trading in the markets of the BM&F segment accounting for 38.08% of total contracts traded, compared to 35.75% in November. They were followed by institutional investors with 32.53%, down from 34.49% the previous month. During this same period foreign investors accounted for 23.04%, compared to 23.18%. Individual investors ended the year with 4.48% in December compared to 5.19% in November; and companies accounted for 1.83%, up from 1.34% the month before.

Individual investors

At the end of 2011, there were 135,256 individual investors with at least one active account registered at the Derivatives Clearinghouse, compared to 137,820 at the end of the previous year.

DMA

BM&F Segment

In December, the transactions carried out via Direct Market Access (DMA) in the BM&F* segment totaled 25,617,886 contracts traded in 2,483,514 trades. During the previous month, 31,537,229 contracts were traded in 2,887,206 trades.

The volumes registered by each DMA model in the BM&F segment were as follows:

Traditional DMA – 12,266,856 contracts traded in 879,061 trades in December, compared to 15,783,631 contracts traded in 1,219,049 trades in November;

Via DMA provider (including orders routed via the Globex System) – 8,225,628 contracts traded in 234,539 trades in December, compared to 10,736,890 contracts traded in 252,343 trades the month before;

DMA via direct connection – 1,255 contracts traded in 303 trades in December, up from 1,034 contracts traded in 289 trades during the previous month; and

DMA via co-location – 5,124,147 contracts traded in 1,369,611 trades in December, compared to 5,015,674 contracts traded in 1,415,525 trades in November.

In December, the transactions carried out by foreign investors who were presented to BM&FBOVESPA by CME (which either use the order routing system or access the BM&FBOVESPA markets via co-location) totaled 2,240,922 contracts traded in 537,582 trades. In November, those totals were 2,297,168 and 554,624 respectively.

BOVESPA Segment

In December, the transactions carried out via Direct Market Access (DMA) in the BOVESPA*segment had a total financial volume of BRL86.68 billion in 12,297,326 trades. During the month of November, those numbers were BRL92.18 billion and 11,690,154 respectively.

The volumes registered by each DMA model in the BOVESPA segment were as follows:

Traditional DMA – BRL71.67 billion in 9,727,649 trades in December, compared to BRL76.89 billion in 9,411,041 trades in November;

Via DMA provider – BRL1.04 billion in 188,596 trades in December, compared to BRL981.77 million in 119,734 trades in November; and

DMA via co-location – BRL13.87 billion in 2,369,659 trades in December, compared to BRL14.21 billion in 2,150,118 trades in November.

* Direct access to the BM&FBOVESPA market segments is carried out through DMA models 1, 2, 3 and 4.

In model 1 or traditional DMA, the client accesses the trading system through technological intermediation of a brokerage house.

In model 2 or via DMA provider, the client does not use the technological intermediation of a brokerage house, but rather connects to the system through an authorized access provider. DMA via order routing with CME Globex is also a form of DMA model 2.

In model 3 or DMA via direct connection, the client connects to the system through a direct connection.

In model 4 or DMA via co-location, the client installs its own computer within the Exchange’s facilities.

Notes: The volumes registered by access modality include both buy and sell sides of a trade. The volumes by access modality for both the BM&F and the Bovespa market segments have been reported in a consolidated manner in the BM&FBOVESPA statements since May 2009.

Source: BM&FBOVESPA, 10.01.2012

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, Exchanges, Latin America, , , , , , , ,

Alternative Latin Investor: Latam Fund & Investment Trends- December 2011 Issue Nr 12

Latin America fund assets to exceed $3 trillion by 2020
-Driven by appetite for Asia – U.S. and European asset managers benefit most

While still smaller than other global regions in terms of aggregate assets – around US$1.4 trillion in mutual fund assets and about $710 billion in pension assets – fast growth in Latin America as a region is capturing the imagination of investors, distributors and asset managers alike, with tactical and strategic opportunities prompting resource allocations and investments.

Subscribe to the free issue of  at http://www.alternativelatininvestor.com/index.html.

Source: Alternative Latin Investor, 06.12.2011

Filed under: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Latin America, Mexico, News, Peru, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Every Chinese Province bankrupt like Greece – Host Says Chinese Regime nearly bankrupt

China’s economy has a reputation for being strong and prosperous, but according to a well-known Chinese television personality the country’s Gross Domestic Product is going in reverse.

Larry Lang, chair professor of Finance at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, said in a lecture that he didn’t think was being recorded that the Chinese regime is in a serious economic crisis—on the brink of bankruptcy. In his memorable formulation: every province in China is Greece.

Related Article:

Bobsguide - China reduces lenders’ ratio requirements (02.12.2011)
EpochTimes – China’s Economy on the Brink of Collaps (Nov.2011)
The Guardian – IMF sounds warning  on Chinese Banking System (Nov.2011)
 
The restrictions Lang placed on the Oct. 22 speech in Shenyang City, in northern China’s Liaoning Province, included no audio or video recording, and no media. He can be heard saying that people should not post his speech online, or “everyone will look bad,” in the audio that is now on Youtube. 

In the unusual, closed-door lecture, Lang gave a frank analysis of the Chinese economy and the censorship that is placed on intellectuals and public figures. “What I’m about to say is all true. But under this system, we are not allowed to speak the truth,” he said.

Despite Lang’s polished appearance on his high-profile TV shows, he said: “Don’t think that we are living in a peaceful time now. Actually the media cannot report anything at all. Those of us who do TV shows are so miserable and frustrated, because we cannot do any programs. As long as something is related to the government, we cannot report about it.”

He said that the regime doesn’t listen to experts, and that Party officials are insufferably arrogant. “If you don’t agree with him, he thinks you are against him,” he said.

Lang’s assessment that the regime is bankrupt was based on five conjectures.

Firstly, that the regime’s debt sits at about 36 trillion yuan (US$5.68 trillion). This calculation is arrived at by adding up Chinese local government debt (between 16 trillion and 19.5 trillion yuan, or US$2.5 trillion and US$3 trillion), and the debt owed by state-owned enterprises (another 16 trillion, he said). But with interest of two trillion per year, he thinks things will unravel quickly.

Secondly, that the regime’s officially published inflation rate of 6.2 percent is fabricated. The real inflation rate is 16 percent, according to Lang.

Thirdly, that there is serious excess capacity in the economy, and that private consumption is only 30 percent of economic activity. Lang said that beginning this July, the Purchasing Managers Index, a measure of the manufacturing industry, plunged to a new low of 50.7. This is an indication, in his view, that China’s economy is in recession.

Fourthly, that the regime’s officially published GDP of 9 percent is also fabricated. According to Lang’s data, China’s GDP has decreased 10 percent. He said that the bloated figures come from the dramatic increase in infrastructure construction, including real estate development, railways, and highways each year (accounting for up to 70 percent of GDP in 2010).

Fifthly, that taxes are too high. Last year, the taxes on Chinese businesses (including direct and indirect taxes) were at 70 percent of earnings. The individual tax rate sits at 81.6 percent, Lang said.

Once the “economic tsunami” starts, the regime will lose credibility and China will become the poorest country in the world, Lang said.

Several commentators have expressed broad agreement with Lang’s analysis.

Professor Frank Xie at the University of South Carolina, Aiken, said that the idea of China going bankrupt isn’t far fetched. Major construction projects have helped inflate the GDP, he says. “On the surface, it is a big number, but inflation is even higher. So in reality, China’s economy is in recession.”

Further, Xie said that official figures shouldn’t be relied on. The regime’s vice premier, Li Keqiang for example, admitted to a U.S. diplomat that he doesn’t believe the statistics produced by lower-level officials, and when he was the governor of Liaoning Province “had to personally see the hard data.”

Cheng Xiaonong, an economist and former aide to ousted Party leader Zhao Ziyang, said that high praise of the “China model” is often made on the basis of the high-visibility construction projects, a big GDP, and much money in foreign reserves. “They pay little attention to things such as whether people’s basic rights are guaranteed, or their living standard has improved or not,” he said.

Behind the fiat control of the economy, which can have the appearance of being efficient, there is enormous waste and corruption, Cheng said. It means that little spending is done on education, welfare, the health system, etc.

Cheng says that for the last decade the Chinese regime has accumulated its wealth primarily by promoting real estate development, buying urban and suburban residential properties at low prices (or simply taking them), and selling them to developers at high prices.

According to Cheng, the goals of regime officials (to enrich themselves and increase their power) are in direct conflict with those of the people–so social injustice expands, and economic propaganda meant to portray the situation as otherwise prevails.

Few scholars inside the country dare to speak as Lang has, Cheng said. And that’s probably because he has a professorship in Hong Kong.

Source: TheEpochTimes, 15.11.2011

Filed under: Asia, Banking, China, News, Risk Management, , , , , , , , , , , ,

Brazil: BM&FBOVESPA – News October 2011 – Nr.21

BRIC exchanges announce alliance

The exchanges of the BRIC emerging markets bloc announced a joint initiative on October 12, during the 51st AGM of the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) in Johannesburg, to offer investors access to their dynamic economies. Initially the exchanges – which accounted for over 18% of all exchange-listed derivative contracts traded by volume worldwide as of June this year – will cross-list benchmark equity index derivatives on the boards of other alliance members. Following this, the alliance will develop innovative products to track the BRIC exchanges.

The seven exchanges are:

  • BM&FBOVESPA – Brazil
  • MICEX – Russia
  • RTS – Russia
  • Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEx) – China
  • Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) – South Africa
  • The National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) – India
  • BSE Ltd (formerly known as Bombay Stock Exchange) – India

These seven exchanges represent a combined listed market capitalization of USD9.02 trillion, equitymarket trading value/month of USD422 billion and 9,481 companies listed.

BM&FBOVESPA new trading hours

In view of the start of daylight saving time on October 16, 2011, since October 17, 2011, the new trading hours (Brasília Time) for the BM&FBOVESPA markets – BOVESPA and BM&F segments – will be as follows:

Regular session: 11:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.

- After-Market: 6:30 p.m. – 7:30 p.m. (pre-opening phase to trading phase);

- Blocking / Exercise on the stock options market
Days prior to expiration: 11:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. (exercise of holder position).
Expiration date: 11:00a.m. – 12:30 p.m. – trading of the expired series to the offset of the position, that is, the sale for the holder of the position and purchase for blocking for the writer of the position / 12:30 p.m. – 2:00 p.m.: exercise of the holder position;

- Blocking / Exercise on the Index Options Market:
Days prior to expiration: 11:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. (exercise of holder position).
Expiration date: 11:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m. – trading of the expired series to the offset of the position, that is sale for the holder of the position and purchase for blocking for the writer of the position / After 6:00 p.m. – automatic exercise of the expired series which fit the following situations: call option (settlement index higher than the exercise price; and put option (settlement index lower than the exercise price).

- Over-the-Counter Market: 11:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.

> Complete information of the new trading hours (Circular Letters 009-2011-DO-Ofício Circular)

The trading hours for the BOVESPA and BM&F segments are available at this link

Market Makers for Options on the Stock of Banco Bradesco, Gerdau and Banco do Brasil

BM&FBOVESPA announced on August 3rd the start of the bidding process to select up to three market makers for options on stock of Banco Bradesco S.A. (BBDC4), Gerdau S.A. (GGBR4) and Banco do Brasil S.A. (BBAS3). This is the third stage of the Competitive Bidding Process to select market makers in equity options and BOVESPA Index (Ibovespa) options, developed by BM&FBOVESPA. The institutions (including nonresident) that wish to participate have until November 29, 2011 to deliver proposals and the winners will be announced on December 14, 2011.

> More info

Market Makers for Options on Ibovespa and on Stocks of BM&FBOVESPA and Usiminas

BM&FBOVESPA announced on October 11 the winning institutions in the second selection process for market makers for options on stocks and on the BOVESPA Index (Ibovespa). The market maker obligation shall last twelve (12) months as of December 12, 2011. Banco Citigroup Global Markets Limited, Banco Itaú BBA S.A. and Timber Hill LLC shall be market makers for options on the BOVESPA Index (IBOV), complying with a maximum volatility spread of half a percentage point (0.5%). The institutions selected for options on stocks in BM&FBOVESPA S.A. (BVMF3) were Citadel Securities LLC, Citigroup Global Markets Limited and Morgan Stanley Uruguay Ltda, which shall be market makers complying with a maximum volatility spread of four percent (4%). Meanwhile, the institutions selected for options on stocks in Usinas Siderúrgicas de Minas Gerais S.A. (USIM5) were Banco BTG Pactual S.A. and Morgan Stanley Uruguay Ltda, which shall be market makers complying with a maximum volatility spread of twenty percent (20%).

> More info

Options on OGX Petróleo and Itaú Unibanco rise with Market Maker activity

The trading volume for options on the stocks of OGX Petróleo and Itaú Unibanco rose significantly in September, strongly influenced by the fact that they have had Market Makers since September 9. The Exchange launched the Market Maker program for stocks this year in order to encourage trading in options and increase their liquidity, as well as to stimulate longer expiries on these contracts. Options on the stocks of OGX Petróleo and Itaú Unibanco now have three Market Makers.

Comparing the average daily volume in September to that of January to August, there were the following increases: OGX Petróleo ON 51.9% (BRL 13.7 million against BRL 20.8 million) and Itaú Unibanco PN 205.6% (BRL 1.7 million against BRL 5.1 million).

ETF financial volume more than doubles in the past two months

BM&FBOVESPA Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) reached BRL 1.4 billion financial volume in August and September, at 78,809 and 75,740 trades respectively. This is more than double the BRL 668 million financial volume and 31,997 trades in July.

Common Shares in Desenvix Energias Renováveis start trading on BOVESPA MAIS

The shares of electricity company Desenvix Energias Renováveis S.A. begin to be traded on October 3 on the BOVESPA MAIS segment of the BM&FBOVESPA Organized OTC Market, under the DVIX3M ticker symbol.

USD11 billion in public offerings and follow-ons in 2011

In the year to October, 15, BM&FBOVESPA registered USD11 billion in public offerings and follow-ons. There were eleven Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) in 2011: AREZZO&CO (ARZZ3), SIERRA BRASIL (SSBR3), AUTOMETAL (AUTM3), QGEP PART (QGEP3), IMC HOLDING (IMCH3), TIME FOR FUN (SHOW3), MAGAZINE LUIZA (MGLU3), BR PHARMA (BPHA3), QUALICORP (QUAL3), TECHNOS (TECN3) and ABRIL EDUCAÇÃO (ABRE11).

BM&FBOVESPA on Twitter

BM&FBOVESPA launched its Twitter account in English last week. Please access this link

2011 EVENTS

 The World Cup of ETFs and Indexing Latin America

BM&FBOVESPA is lending its support to the World Research Group’s “World Cup of ETFs and Indexing Latin America.” The event aims at providing attendees with the best practices for ETF use, as well as a comprehensive analysis of market structure, regulations and current and future opportunities. The expected audience includes pension funds, hedge fund managers and investors, investment advisors, financial consultants, and other market participants. A BM&FBOVESPA representative will talk about the Exchange’s ETF products.

Location: São Paulo (TBC)
Date: October 17-18, 2011.
> Full Agenda and Registration

2nd FX Growth Markets Series: Brazil – Profit & Loss

BM&FBOVESPA will join the Profit & Loss FX Growth Markets conference on October 20, 2011 at the Tivoli Hotel in São Paulo. Profit & Loss has been operating its highly successful series of Forex Network and FX Growth Markets conferences for more than 10 years, with regular annual events held in London, New York, Chicago, Singapore, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Shanghai and Toronto, and comes to Brazil for the second time. A BM&FBOVESPA representative will talk at the event.

Location: Tivoli Hotel São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Date: October 20, 2011.
> Full Agenda

2nd Brazil–China Capital Markets Forum

BM&FBOVESPA and the Shanghai Stock Exchange are coordinating the Second Brazil–China Capital Markets Forum. This event follows the First Brazil–China Capital Markets Forum, which occurred in February in São Paulo, Brazil. At the event, the Shanghai Stock Exchange shall bring 300 to 500 Chinese asset and insurance managers and representatives of listed companies.

Location: Xijiao State Guest House Shanghai, China
Date: October 27, 2011.

Volumes and trades by Direct Market Access (DMA)

BM&F Segment
In September, BM&F* market segment transactions carried out through order routing via Direct Market Access (DMA) registered 35,144,357 contracts traded and 4,311,865 trades. In August, the volume reached 41,417,494 contracts traded and 4,431,750 trades.

The volumes registered by each access modality in the BM&F segment were as follows:

  • Traditional DMA – 12,583,334 contracts traded, in 1,366,264 trades, in comparison to 17,540,231 contracts and 1,306,241 trades in August;
  • Via DMA provider (including orders routed via the Globex System) – 13,976,949 contracts traded, in 374,992 trades, compared to 14,088,756 contracts and 435,281 trades in August;
  • DMA via direct connection – 2,636 contracts traded in 447 trades, against 4,210 contracts and 830 trades in August;
  • DMA via co-location – 8,581,438 contracts traded, in 2,570,162 trades, compared to 9,784,297 contracts and 2,689,398 trades in August.

In September, transactions carried out by foreign investors presented by CME to BVMF (who use the Globex-GTS order routing system or access BVMF markets via co-location) totaled 4,685,186 contracts traded, in 1,164,510 trades, compared to 5,308,308 contracts and 1,235,349 trades in August.

BOVESPA Segment
In September, order routing via DMA in the BOVESPA* segment totaled BRL 111.41 billion and 14,298,483 trades, from BRL 138.52 billion and 17,021,408 trades the previous month.

Trading volumes per type of DMA in the BOVESPA segment:

  • Traditional DMA – Volume of BRL 95.77 billion and 11,763,618 trades from BRL 120.45 billion and 14,098,638 in August;
  • DMA via co-location – Volume of BRL 14.29 billion and 2,357,270 trades from BRL 16.69 billion and 2,755,498 in August;
  • DMA via provider – Volume of BRL 1.34 billion and 177,044 trades from BRL 1.37 billion and 167,272 in August.

* Direct access to the BM&FBOVESPA market segments is carried out through DMA models 1, 2, 3 and 4. In model 1 or traditional DMA, the client accesses the GTS or Mega Bolsa through technological intermediation of a brokerage house. In model 2 or via DMA provider, the client does not use the technological intermediation of a brokerage house, but rather connects to the system through an authorized access provider. DMA via order routing with CME Globex is also a form of DMA model 2. In model 3, the client connects to the system through a direct connection. In model 4 or via co-location, the client installs its own computer within the Exchange’s facilities.

Notes:

The volumes registered by access modality include both buy and sell sides of a trade.

The volumes by access modality for both the BM&F and the BOVESPA market segments have been reported in a consolidated manner in the BM&FBOVESPA statements since May 2009.

MARKET RESULTS

BM&F Segment September 2011

Derivatives markets in the BM&F segment (including financial and commodities derivatives) totaled 59,365,524 contracts and BRL 4.35 trillion in volume in September, compared to 78,606,873 contracts and BRL 5.23 trillion in August. The daily average of contracts traded in the derivatives markets in September was 2,826,930, in contrast to 3,417,690 in August. Open interest contracts ended the last trading day of September with 36,620,797 positions, compared to 37,821,302 in August.

BOVESPA Segment September 2011

In September 2011, the equity markets (BOVESPA segment) financial volume totaled BRL 131.437 billion, in 13,551,487 trades, with daily averages of BRL 6.25 billion and 645,309 trades. In August, financial volume totaled BRL 177.906 billion, the total number of trades 16,234,673, and the daily averages BRL 7.73 billion and 705,855 trades respectively.

Source: BM&FBOVESPA, 18.10.2011

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, China, Events, Exchanges, Hong Kong, India, Risk Management, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Brazil: BM&FBOVESPA – News September 2011 – Nr.20

Launch of the first stage of the BM&FBOVESPA PUMATrading System

BM&FBOVESPA announces the conclusion of the first stage of development and integrated tests with the market of its new trading platform, named the BM&FBOVESPA PUMA Trading System. This is a multi-asset electronic trading platform that has been developed by BM&FBOVESPA and CME Group. BM&FBOVESPA PUMA Trading System will replace the Global Trading System (GTS), Mega Bolsa, BOVESPA FIX and SISBEX, integrating them into a single system with greater processing capacity, extremely low latency, and new functions. The implementation will occur in stages:

  • 1st Stage: Substitution of GTS (derivatives and spot foreign exchange);
  • 2nd Stage: Substitution of Mega Bolsa (equities and equity derivatives);
  • 3rd Stage: Substitution of BOVESPA FIX (fixed-income corporate securities) and SISBEX (government securities).

The Exchange implemented the BM&FBOVESPA PUMA Trading System in the spot foreign exchange market on August 29, 2011. The other stages will be executed in the following weeks, at dates to be announced at an opportune moment. As part of the GTS replacement effort, instruments will migratein four-stages. At each stage, orders sent to the Exchange for these contracts will be processed exclusively by the new system. The migration stages are:

  • 1st Migration: Spot foreign exchange contracts.
  • 2nd Migration: Agricultural derivatives.
  • 3rd Migration: Financial derivatives (interest rates, foreign exchange, inflation indices, gold etc.), except for derivatives based on stock indices.
  • 4th Migration: Derivatives based on stock indices.

Automated solution for market surveillance, operation and market oversight

BM&FBOVESPA and BOVESPA Market Supervision (BSM), the Brazilian self-regulatory organization in charge of inspecting and supervising transactions and trade authorizations, announced on September 15 that they will use NASDAQ OMX’s SMARTS Integrity market surveillance platform to monitor trading across their equities and commodities platforms. Using SMARTS Integrity, BM&FBOVESPA and BSM will have a comprehensive portfolio of alert scenarios for market behavior.

> More information

BM&FBOVESPA and BNDES present new portfolio for the Carbon Efficient Index

BM&FBOVESPA and BNDES announced on September 5 the composition of the theoretical portfolio of the Carbon Efficient Index, valid from September to December 2011. The ICO2 is an index composed of stocks in IBrX-50 index companies that have accepted involvement in the initiative, adopting transparent practices as regards greenhouse gas emissions (GGEs). The calculation of shares in the ICO2 index takes into consideration the greenhouse gas emissions and free float of companies.

The portfolio valid as of today can be viewed here.

New head of BM&FBOVESPA for UK

BM&FBOVESPA announces that Sergio Gullo has been hired as the new chief representative for BM&FBOVESPA in London. He will report to BM&FBOVESPA International Business Development Officer Lucy Pamboukdjian and be responsible for operations with the European, Middle Eastern and African markets. Sergio Gullo has been active in the financial market for more than 27 years. He was Business Development Manager in the United Kingdom for BGC Partners and has worked in financial institutions such as Banco Votorantim and Renaissance Capital, specializing in emerging markets and always in commercial areas with a focus on fixed income and structured products. He also held a wide range of positions at Lloyd’s TSB Bank for 19 years, in both Brazil and the UK.

New office in London

The BM&FBOVESPA office in London has moved to One New Change, 4th floor (London, EC4M, 9AF, United Kingdom). The London office may be contacted by e-mail at sgullo@bvmf.com.br and by telephone at (+44) 203 379 3978.

BM&FBOVESPA and Shenzhen Stock Exchange Sign Memorandum of Understanding

BM&FBOVESPA (BVMF) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) signed on September 26 a memorandum of understanding (MOU) which includes personnel exchange, mutual training and information and experience sharing. Ms Song Liping, President of the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, and Mr. Edemir Pinto, CEO of BM&FBOVESPA, signed the MOU last month during the 5th International, Financial and Capital Market Conference in Campos do Jordão, in the state of São Paulo.

BM&FBOVESPA’s options and capital raising activity

According to the WFE (World Federation of Exchanges), BM&FBOVESPA is ranked as #1 in volume of Stock Options contracts trades and #4 in IPOs (Capital Raised). These and other regulated exchange industry numbers are available at: http://www.world-exchanges.org/statistics

Securities Lending

In August, the total number of securities lending transactions reached a record 141,721 compared to the previous record of 121,971 in May 2011 and to 114,989 in July. Financial volume was BRL 62.63 billion in August from BRL 52.16 billion the previous month.

Ibovespa and other index portfolios, valid for September-December 2011

BM&FBOVESPA has announced the Ibovespa theoretical index portfolio, which will be valid from September 5 to December 29, 2011, based on the closing of the September 2, 2011 trading session. The new portfolio now includes common shares in BR Malls and Cia Hering, which brings its total to 68 stocks in 63 companies.

> More information

BM&FBOVESPA launches app for Google Chrome web browser

BM&FBOVESPA announced on September, 16th that users of the Google Chrome web browser can download a free app that allows real time monitoring of the share prices of companies traded on BM&FBOVESPA and of the directions taken by the main capital market indexes. This tool allows users to customize their share portfolio, storing in the “Favorites” tab the companies that they wish to monitor daily. The app includes films that explain stock investment, wealth creation, and financial education. It also contains messages that are sent to the BM&FBOVESPA twitter channel @Info_BMFBOVESPA

To obtain the BM&FBOVESPA Google Chrome app, please access the Google Web Store and download the file at: https://chrome.google.com/webstore.

2011 EVENTS

Family Office Summit – Latin America

BM&FBOVESPA is currently sending invitations for this event promoted by the World Research Group and which will be held in São Paulo September 26-28. A BM&FBOVESPA representative is scheduled to talk about alternative investments. The summit will present current trends for optimizing effective strategies and alternative methods to produce investments for single and multi family offices in the Brazilian capital market. There will be a special networking session bringing together managers, single and multi family offices, advisors and consultants.

Location: Intercontinental São Paulo – Alameda Santos, 1123, São Paulo , SP.
Date: September 26-28, 2011.

> Full Agenda and Registration

2nd FX Growth Markets Series: Brazil – Profit & Loss

BM&FBOVESPA will join the Profit & Loss FX Growth Markets conference on October 20, 2011 at the Tivoli Hotel in São Paulo. Profit & Loss has been operating its highly successful series of Forex Network and FX Growth Markets conferences for more than 10 years, with regular annual events held in London, New York, Chicago, Singapore, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Shanghai and Toronto, and comes to Brazil for the second time. A BM&FBOVESPA representative will talk at the event.

Location: Tivoli Hotel São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Date: October 20, 2011.

> Full Agenda

BM&FBOVESPA at Chicago’s FIA EXPO

BM&FBOVESPA will exhibit at FIA EXPO 2011. The event attracts approximately 5,000 people from more than 30 countries, from senior staff at brokerage firms and exchanges to floor traders, pension fund managers, corporate treasurers, CTAs and CPOs, and individual investors. BM&FBOVESPA staff will present the Exchange’s products, connectivity, DMA access via Globlex, co-location and others.

Location: Hilton Chicago, USA
Date: October 10-12, 2011

> More info

The World Cup of ETFs and Indexing Latin America

BM&FBOVESPA is lending its support to the World Research Group’s “World Cup of ETFs and Indexing Latin America.” The event aims at providing attendees with the best practices for ETFs use, as well as a comprehensive analysis of market structure, regulations and current and future opportunities. The expected audience includes pension funds, hedge fund managers and investors, investment advisors, financial consultants, and other market participants. A BM&FBOVESPA representative will talk about the Exchange’s ETF products.

Location: São Paulo (TBC)
Date: October 17-18, 2011.

> Full Agenda and Registration

Volumes and trades by Direct Market Access (DMA)

BM&F Segment
In August, BM&F* market segment transactions carried out through order routing via Direct Market Access (DMA) registered 41,417,494 contracts traded and 4,431,750 trades. In July, the volume reached 20,009,841 contracts traded and 2,417,398 trades.

The volumes registered by each access modality in the BM&F segment were as follows:

  • Traditional DMA – 17,540,231 contracts traded, in 1,306,241 trades, in comparison to 7,440,774 contracts and 797,002 trades in July;
  • Via DMA provider (including orders routed via the Globex System) – 14,088,756 contracts traded, in 435,281 trades, compared to 7,040,432 contracts and 258,881 trades in July;
  • DMA via direct connection – 4,210 contracts traded in 830 trades, against 3,691 contracts and 977 trades in July;
  • DMA via co-location – 9,784,297 contracts traded, in 2,689,398 trades, compared to 5,524,944 contracts and 1,360,538 trades in July.

In August, transactions carried out by foreign investors presented by CME to BVMF (who use the Globex-GTS order routing system or access BVMF markets via co-location) totaled 5,308,308 contracts traded, in 1,235,349 trades, compared to 2,897,744 contracts and 688,862 trades in July.

BOVESPA Segment
In August, order routing via DMA in the BOVESPA* segment totaled BRL 138,522,096,000.00 and 17,021,408 trades, from BRL 95,030,778,000.00 and 11,225,193 trades the previous month.

Trading volumes per type of DMA in the BOVESPA segment:

  • Traditional DMA – Volume of BRL 120,451,427,000.00 and 14,098,638 trades from BRL 87,674,861,000.00 and 10,091,956 in July;
  • DMA via co-location – Volume of BRL 16,691,370,000.00 and 2,755,498 trades from BRL 6,381,361,000.00 and 1,007,081 in July;
  • DMA via provider – Volume of BRL 1,379,299,000.00 and 167,272 trades from BRL 974,556,000.00 and 126,156 in July.

* Direct access to the BM&FBOVESPA market segments is carried out through DMA models 1, 2, 3 and 4. In model 1 or traditional DMA, the client accesses the GTS or Mega Bolsa through technological intermediation of a brokerage house. In model 2 or via DMA provider, the client does not use the technological intermediation of a brokerage house, but rather connects to the system through an authorized access provider. DMA via order routing with CME Globex is also a form of DMA model 2. In model 3, the client connects to the system through a direct connection. In model 4 or via co-location, the client installs its own computer within the Exchange’s facilities.

Notes:

The volumes registered by access modality include both buy and sell sides of a trade.

The volumes by access modality for both the BM&F and the BOVESPA market segments have been reported in a consolidated manner in the BM&FBOVESPA statements since May 2009.

MARKET RESULTS

BM&F Segment August 2011

Derivatives markets in the BM&F segment (including financial and commodities derivatives) totaled 78,606,873 contracts and BRL 5.23 trillion in volume in August, compared to 44,199,125 contracts and BRL 3.35 trillion in July. The daily average of contracts traded in the derivatives markets in August was 3,417,690, in contrast to 2,104,720 in July. Open interest contracts ended the last trading day of August with 37,821,302 positions, compared to 30,716,596 in July.

BOVESPA Segment August 2011

In August 2011, the equity markets (BOVESPA segment) financial volume totaled a record BRL 177.906 billion, in a record 16,234,673 trades, with daily averages of BRL 7.73 billion and a record 705,855 trades. This was in comparison to the prior total volume record of BRL 155.55 billion in October 2010, the prior total trades record of 11,172,707 in May 2011 and the prior daily average trades record of 544,88 in February 2011.

Source:BM&FBOVESPA, 20.09.2011

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, FIX Connectivity, News, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Brazil: BM&FBOVESPA News August 2011 Nr 29

BM&FBOVESPA International Financial and Capital Markets Conference features Robert Skidelsky and Michael Pettis

The biennial meeting held as of Thursday (August 25) in the town of Campos do Jordão in the state of São Paulo will host debates on current economic and global financial market issues, including challenges for the derivatives and capital markets, the future of financial intermediation, and algorithmic trading strategies. BM&FBOVESPA Chief Executive Officer Edemir Pinto and Chairman of the Board of Directors Arminio Fraga will receive, for lectures and debates, some of the world’s most influential experts about the matters on the agenda. Among their number are Robert Skidelsky, Emeritus Professor of Political Economy at the University of Warwick, and a specialist on the work of the economist John Maynard Keynes. Michael Pettis, a professor at Peking University’s Guanghua School of Management and expert on the Asian markets will take part in a discussion about the challenges that the Brazil-China relationship will face over the coming years.

> Full agenda of the event

BM&FBOVESPA launches eight new currency derivatives

BM&FBOVESPA launched eight new currency futures contracts this week (August, 15). They are six futures contracts and two mini futures contracts. The regular futures contracts are for the Brazilian Real against the South African Rand (ZAR), Turkish Lira (TRY), New Zealand Dollar (NZD), Chilean Peso (CLP), Chinese Yuan (CNY) and Swiss Franc (CHF). The contracts will be authorized for trading as of the September 2011 maturity, between 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Each futures contract is sized and formatted so that it is equivalent to the USD 50,000 size of U.S. Dollar futures contract. The sizes of the respective contracts are 350,000 South African Rands; 350,000 Chinese Yuan; 75,000 Turkish Lira; 75,000 New Zealand Dollars; 50,000 Swiss Francs; and 25 million Chilean Pesos. The Mini U.S. Dollar Futures Contract (WDO) is sized USD 10,000, which represents 20% of the size of the regular U.S. Dollar Futures Contract. The Mini Euro Futures Contract (WEU) is sized €10,000, representing 20% of the size of the regular Euro Futures Contract .

> More info

International partnerships mark the expansion of the BM&FBOVESPA Institute of Education

The BM&FBOVESPA Institute of Education has been known as the “Escola para os Mercados Financeiro, de Capitais e de Derivativos” (Financial, Capital and Derivatives Markets School) since its foundation in 1986. Growing demand for professional training, however, means it has broadened its scope since 2010 and it has also begun operating as the “Escola do Investidor” (School of the Investor) and the “Escola de Empresas e Empreendedores” (Enterprises and Entrepreneurs’ School). In the first half of 2011 the Institute of Education signed cooperation agreements with internationally renowned business schools, among which the Endeavor Institute, Babson College and Chicago Booth:

  • Endeavor Institute – the “Bota pra fazer” (Sow to Reap) program of courses aimed at startup companies, in business incubators. This methodology was developed by Endeavor Brazil in partnership with the Kauffman Foundation. The Institute of Education was the first institution in Brazil to apply this methodology for qualifying entrepreneurs.
  • Babson College – Through this partnership, the BM&FBOVESPA Institute of Education offers the “Gestão e Crescimento Empresarial de Alto Impacto” (High Impact Business Management and Growth) program of courses, hand-tailored to enable Brazilian entrepreneurs to lead their companies’ growth. The second group begins in October this year.
  • Chicago Booth – The business school of the University of Chicago. This partnership has resulted in the development of a three-module academic program, focused on the capital and derivatives markets and with an international approach.  Next course in December.

BM&FBOVESPA’s options and capital raising activity

According to the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) BM&FBOVESPA is ranked as #1 in volume of Equity Option trades and #4 (Capital Raised) in terms of newly listed companies (IPOs). These and other regulated exchange industry numbers are available at:
http://www.world-exchanges.org/statistics

Market Makers for Options on the Stock of BM&FBOVESPA, Usiminas and BOVESPA Index

BM&FBOVESPA announced on August 3 the start of the selection process for up to three market makers for options on the stock of BM&FBOVESPA S.A (BVMF3) and Usinas Siderúrgicas de Minas Gerais S.A. – Usiminas (USIM5) and for options on the BOVESPA Index (IBOV). This is the second stage of the Bidding Program to select market makers in equity options and BOVESPA Index options, developed by the Exchange. Institutions that are interested in taking part – including nonresidents – have until September 26, 2011 to deliver proposals. The winners will be announced on October 11, 2011.

> More information about the Market Makers for Options

Bradesco wins BM&FBOVESPA selection process as Depositary Institution for 10 Unsponsored Level I BDR Programs

Bradesco has won the sixth selection process for depositary institutions authorized to request registration for trading 10 Unsponsored Level I Brazilian Depository Receipt (BDR) programs, backed by shares issued by publicly traded companies with headquarters overseas. Bradesco should simultaneously present BM&FBOVESPA and the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM), within 60 calendar days, with the necessary documentation for submission to register the 10 Unsponsored Level 1 BDR programs. The programs should include foreign companies that do not yet have BDRs traded on BM&FBOVESPA and which are headquartered in the United States and listed on U.S. stock exchanges.

There are currently 30 Unsponsored Level 1 BDR programs available for trading on BM&FBOVESPA, which have Deutsche Bank S.A., Citibank DTVM S.A. and Itaú Unibanco S.A. as their depositary institutions. Another three lots of ten programs shall be presented to the market soon by Banco Bradesco S.A., Citibank DTVM S.A. and Deutsche Bank S.A.

> More info

Up to USD 10 billion in public offerings and follow-ons in 2011

In the year to August 15, BM&FBOVESPA registered USD 10.1 billion in public offerings and follow-ons. There were eleven Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) in 2011: AREZZO&CO (ARZZ3), SIERRA BRASIL (SSBR3), AUTOMETAL (AUTM3), QGEP PART (QGEP3), IMC HOLDING (IMCH3), TIME FOR FUN (SHOW3), MAGAZINE LUIZA (MGLU3), BR PHARMA (BPHA3), QUALICORP (QUAL3), TECHNOS (TECN3) and ABRIL EDUCAÇÃO (ABRE11). At the end of July, the 181 companies that are part of the BM&FBOVESPA’s special corporate governance levels represented 64.96% of market capitalization, 79.04% of financial volume, and 76.84% of trades in the spot market. At the end of June, there were 177 companies, representing 65.56% of market capitalization, 75.42% of financial volume, and 77.57% of spot market trades.

Number of ETF trades grows 25% from June

The financial volume registered in July by the eight BM&FBOVESPA Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) reached BRL 667.75 million in 31,997 trades, from BRL 598.43 million and 25,701 the previous month. In July the ETF with the highest financial volume was BOVA11 with BRL 573.83 million and 26,915 transactions.

2011 EVENTS

BM&FBOVESPA 5th International Financial and Capital Markets Conference

The city of Campos do Jordão will once again be the site of one of the year’s most important financial market events, hosted by BM&FBOVESPA. The 5th edition of the International Financial and Capital Markets Conference will have national and international guest speakers, round-table discussions, social activities and an exhibition area providing an excellent venue for participants to debate some of the most significant financial topics. Speakers include: Maria Helena Santana (Securities and Exchanges Commission of Brazil – CVM), Robert Engle (2003 Nobel Prize), Joe Gawronski (COO of Rosenblatt Securities) and Ilan Goldfajn (Chief Economist, Itau Unibanco).

Location: Campos do Jordão, SP, Brazil
Date: August 25-27, 2011

> Full agenda of the event

*Nonresident investors can apply for an exclusive 50% discount for registration at the event. Please contact the International Business Development team to request your coupon, by email to ysilva@bvmf.com.br or drodrigues@bvmf.com.br

BM&FBOVESPA at Chicago’s FIA EXPO

BM&FBOVESPA will exhibit at FIA EXPO 2011. The event attracts approximately 5,000 people from more than 30 countries, from senior staff at brokerage firms and exchanges, to floor traders, pension fund managers, corporate treasurers, CTAs and CPOs, and individual investors. BM&FBOVESPA staff will present the Exchange’s products, connectivity, DMA access via Globlex, etc.

Location: Hilton Chicago, USA
Date: October 10-12, 2011

> More info

Family Office Summit – Latin America

BM&FBOVESPA is currently sending invitations for this event promoted by the World Research Group and which will be held in São Paulo September 26-28. A BM&FBOVESPA representative is scheduled to talk about alternative investments. The summit will present current Trends for Optimizing Effective Strategies and Alternative Methods to Produce Investments for Single and Multi Family Offices in the Brazilian capital market. There will be a special networking session bringing together managers, single and multi family offices, advisors and consultants.

Location: Intercontinental São Paulo – Alameda Santos, 1123, São Paulo , SP.
Date: September 26-28, 2011.

> Full Agenda and Registration

2nd FX Growth Markets Series: Brazil – Profit & Loss

BM&FBOVESPA will join the Profit & Loss FX Growth Markets conference on October 20, 2011 at the Tivoli Hotel in São Paulo. Profit & Loss has been operating its highly successful series of Forex Network and FX Growth Markets conferences for more than 10 years, with regular annual events held in London, New York, Chicago, Singapore, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Shanghai and Toronto, and comes to Brazil for the second time. A BM&FBOVESPA representative will talk at the event.

Location: Tivoli Hotel São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Date: October 20, 2011.

> Full Agenda

Volumes and trades by Direct Market Access (DMA)

BM&F Segment
In July, BM&F* market segment transactions carried out through order routing via Direct Market Access (DMA) registered 20,009,841 contracts traded and 2,417,398 trades. In June, the volume reached 20,409,252 contracts traded and 2,105,981 trades.

The volumes registered by each access modality in the BM&F segment were as follows:

  • Traditional DMA – 7,440,774 contracts traded, in 797,002 trades, in comparison to 8,168,492 contracts and 775,388 trades in June;
  • Via DMA provider (including orders routed via the Globex System) – 7,040,432 contracts traded, in 258,881 trades, compared to 7,365,306 contracts and 260,441 trades in June;
  • DMA via direct connection – 3,691 contracts traded in 977 trades, against 8,995 contracts and 1,376 trades in June;
  • DMA via co-location – 5,524,944 contracts traded, in 1,360,538 trades, compared to 4,866,459 contracts and 1,068,766 trades in June.

In July, transactions carried out by foreign investors presented by CME to BVMF (who use the Globex-GTS order routing system or access BVMF markets via co-location) totaled 2,897,744 contracts traded, in 688,862 trades, compared to 2,658,361 contracts and 623,653 trades in June.

BOVESPA Segment
In July, order routing via DMA in the BOVESPA* segment totaled BRL 95,030,778,000.00 and 11,225,193 trades, from BRL 88,977,494,000.00 and 10,244,578 trades the previous month.

Trading volumes per type of DMA in the BOVESPA segment:

  • Traditional DMA – Volume of BRL 87,674,861,000.00 and 10,091,956 trades from BRL 82,843,187,000.00 and 9,287,652 in June;
  • DMA via co-location – Volume of BRL 6,381,361,000.00 and 1,007,081 trades from BRL 5,206,388,000.00 and 856,246 in June;
  • DMA via provider – Volume of BRL 974,556,000.00 and 126,156 trades from BRL 927,919,000.00 and 100,680 in June.

* Direct access to the BM&FBOVESPA market segments is carried out through DMA models 1, 2, 3 and 4. In model 1 or traditional DMA, the client accesses the GTS or Mega Bolsa through technological intermediation of a brokerage house. In model 2 or via DMA provider, the client does not use the technological intermediation of a brokerage house, but rather connects to the system through an authorized access provider. DMA via order routing with CME Globex is also a form of DMA model 2. In model 3, the client connects to the system through a direct connection. In model 4 or via co-location, the client installs its own computer within the Exchange’s facilities. 

Notes:

The volumes registered by access modality include both buy and sell sides of a trade.

The volumes by access modality for both the BM&F and the BOVESPA market segments have been reported in a consolidated manner in the BM&FBOVESPA statements since May 2009.

MARKET RESULTS

BM&F Segment July 2011

In July, derivatives markets in the BM&F segment (including financial and commodities derivatives) totaled 44,199,125 contracts and BRL 3.35 trillion in volume, compared to 51,023,956 contracts and BRL 3.25 trillion in June. The daily average of contracts traded in the derivatives markets in July was 2,104,720, in contrast to 2,429,712 in June.

BOVESPA Segment July 2011

In July 2011, equity markets (BOVESPA segment) traded BRL 119.63 billion, in 11,016,993 trades, with daily averages of BRL 5.69 billion and 524,619 trades, in comparison to June when total volume reached BRL 124.19 billion, in 10,187,883 trades, with daily averages of BRL 5.91 billion and 485,137 trades.

Filed under: BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil, China, Events, Exchanges, News, Risk Management, Trading Technology, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Mexico Credit: Beating Brazil Bonds after 2008 crisis

Mexican government and corporate bonds are outperforming securities sold by their Brazilian counterparts as investors bet Latin America’s second-largest economy is better prepared to weather a global slowdown.

The 27-basis point drop in Mexican government dollar bond yields in the past month compares with a decline of 25 for Brazilian notes, snapping five straight months of underperformance, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co. The two- basis point increase in Mexican corporate borrowing costs in the past month compares with a jump of six basis points, or 0.06 percentage point, for their Brazilian peers. Previously, Brazilian corporate securities had outperformed for two consecutive months.

President Felipe Calderon’s administration has lined up a $72 billion credit line from the International Monetary Fund, extended debt maturities and shunned capital increases embraced by Brazil, the region’s largest economy, to protect against a slowdown in the U.S., which buys 80 percent of the Latin American nation’s exports.

“They are strengthening public finances here in Mexico,” Gabriel Casillas, chief Mexico economist for JPMorgan Chase & Co. in Mexico City, said in a telephone interview. “The Mexican market has become much easier and flexible to trade as Brazil boosts capital controls.”

100-Year Bond

Mexican government bonds yield 4.65 percent, or 6 basis points less than Brazilian debt, according to JPMorgan. The gap has swelled from one basis point on July 28. Notes sold by Mexican companies yield 6.31 percent, compared with 5.93 percent for Brazilian corporate securities. The 37-basis point gap is down from 53 on July 28.

Mexico sold $1 billion of 100-year bonds overseas yesterday, taking advantage of a plunge in benchmark U.S. borrowing costs to bring back a record-long maturity it unveiled a year ago. The government issued the notes due in 2110 to yield 5.96 percent, or 242 basis points above 30-year U.S. Treasuries, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

“Mexico financially has never been as well protected and sound as it is today,” said Alejandro Diaz de Leon, head of the finance ministry’s public debt unit in an interview yesterday. “Mexico has been able to take advantage of a privileged position because of the steps it has taken.”

Standard & Poor’s cut Mexico’s rating to BBB, the second- lowest investment grade, from BBB+ in December 2009, citing declining oil output and “diminishing” prospects for widening the tax base to replace oil revenue. Brazil is rated one level lower at BBB- by S&P.

The Brazilian finance ministry declined to comment in an e- mailed statement.

IMF Credit Line

The IMF renewed and boosted the size of Mexico’s credit line in January from $48 billion. The Washington-based fund originally approved the facility in 2009 to boost confidence in the economy. The central bank has been buying as much as $600 million monthly though options since March 2010 to bolster foreign reserves, which surged 84 percent in the past two years to a record $133.9 billion, according to the central bank. Brazil’s reserves rose 65 percent over the same period to $349.6 billion.

“All these contingency plans and credit lines are favorable factors for an investor, who may say that in the case of another crisis Mexico won’t likely be as volatile,” Eduardo Avila, an economist with Monex Casa de Bolsa SA in Mexico City, said in a telephone interview.

Currency Tumble

The peso tumbled 20 percent in 2008 as U.S. demand for the country’s exports slumped. Mexico’s gross domestic product shrank 6.1 percent the following year, the most since 1995 and the second-worst contraction of the economies tracked by Bloomberg after Russia. The U.S. economy contracted 3.5 percent in 2009.

Yields on Mexican government debt in the two months after Lehman Brothers Holding Inc. filed for bankruptcy in 2008 surged 165 basis points, compared with an increase of 142 for Brazilian securities.

“We are a lot better prepared, especially relative to other countries, for a situation that could deteriorate externally,” Deputy Finance Minister Gerardo Rodriguez said in an interview at Bloomberg’s headquarters in New York on June 2. “All this points to a broad framework of creating additional spaces for a potential adverse scenario going forward. That’s what we are here for — to prepare for negative scenarios.”

Mexico’s total net debt is 35 percent of GDP, below the 40 percent for Brazil. The government has been extending local debt maturities to a record 7.3 years in 2011, from 6.4 years in 2009.

Capital Controls

Brazil imposed a 1 percent tax on some currency derivatives on July 27, the latest government measure aimed at stemming the 42 percent appreciation of the real since the end of 2008. Since October, Brazil has also tripled to 6 percent a tax on foreigners’ purchase of bonds, raised the cost of foreign borrowing by local companies and restricted bank bets against the real. The peso has gained 9.1 percent during the same period.

The extra yield investors demand to hold Mexican government dollar bonds instead of U.S. Treasuries narrowed three basis points to 184 at 7:47 a.m. New York time, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co.

The peso weakened 0.3 percent to 12.5958 per U.S. dollar.

The cost to protect Mexican debt against non-payment for five years rose five basis points yesterday to 161, according to data provider CMA, which is owned by CME Group Inc. and compiles prices quoted by dealers in the privately negotiated market. Credit-default swaps pay the buyer face value in exchange for the underlying securities or the cash equivalent if a government or company fails to adhere to its debt agreements.

Growth Forecasts

Mexico’s central bank lowered its forecast for economic growth this year and next while keeping its consumer price forecasts unchanged, according to its quarterly inflation report published yesterday. It cut its 2011 growth forecast to a range of 3.8 percent to 4.8 percent and its 2012 forecast to 3.5 percent to 4.5 percent. The bank said in its May report the economy may expand as much as 5 percent this year and up to 4.8 percent in 2012 growth. It kept its 2011 and 2012 consumer price forecasts at 3 percent to 4 percent.

“The balance of risks for growth in the Mexican economy has deteriorated,” the bank said in the report, citing lower global growth prospects.

JPMorgan’s Casillas and Iker Cabiedes reduced their 2011 Mexican growth forecast yesterday to 4.2 percent from 4.5 percent.

‘Aversion to Risk’

Economists in Mexico will likely continue to cut growth forecasts this quarter after the Federal Reserve indicated that it will keep rates low through mid-2013, said Javier Belaunzaran, who helps manage about 40 billion pesos at Interacciones Casa de Bolsa SA in Mexico City.

“If the Fed is saying it’s keeping rates steady through 2013, than things aren’t going well at all,” Belaunzaran said in a telephone interview. “There may be an aversion to risk toward long-term securities if the outlook worsens.”

Mexico will wait until November 2012 to raise the benchmark lending rate from a record low 4.5 percent, according to trading in TIIE futures.

While Mexico’s annual inflation rate slowed to a five-year low in March and is within the central bank’s target range of 3 percent to 4 percent this year, Brazil has struggled to contain price increases. Inflation quickened to 6.75 percent last month, the highest in six years and almost double the 3.55 percent rate in Mexico in July.

“There are a lot of factors that make Mexico stand out from the rest of the emerging markets,” Monex’s Avila said.

Source: Bloomberg, 11.08.2011 by  Andres R. Martinez amartinez28@bloomberg.net, David Papadopoulos papadopoulos@bloomberg.net

Filed under: Brazil, Mexico, News, , , , , , , , ,

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